Category Archives: Automation framework

UFT Automation Framework.

UFT Automation Lesson 2

Framework Introduction

Framework is key to success, when start any work and to get success on that you should plan.

The same way framework is the base for any automation testing.

Framework is Structure – the set of rules function and prototype which you will use in your automation testing.

Why We need Framework?

If we will not use framework, then our scripts, tests and data will be in unstructured manner and maintenance of script and development of script will cost more.

So if we want to use reusability of function or script created and maintain them for longer time, we should use Framework.

What is Framework?

In detail framework is Structure of your test, scripts, libraries, data and functions, so easy to develop, maintain and reuse.

Developing a framework

In terms of Test Framework when an automation tester start developing framework below are the major activities need to be followed.

Prerequisite or activities which can be done before developing a framework.
  • Basic/Intermediate understanding of application under test.
  • Verify and validate the Manual scripts which is already written.
  • Selection of tool’s and technology, based the available competencies.
  • Do the feasibility analysis, which includes POC and estimation with small presentation to stake holders, based on that decision can be made.
  • Do ROI calculation – with effort and time compare with manual execution.
Activities to develop framework.
  • Design or plan the basic Folder Structure. To maintain Data, Results and Test Script.
    • Can be used as HP ALM or other tools available.
    • Test Scripts includes library files and Object repository.
    • Library files have various function, which can be common utility or business function.

Will discuss more in detail about library, functions and repository in detail further in this tutorial.

  • Selection of the Test cases and scenarios needs to be automated.


Automation Framework Type

In terms of UFT generally there are four type of framework.

  1. Data Driven
  2. Modular
  3. BPT framework
  4. Hybrid framework.



UFT Learning

Lesson 1 – UFT Automation


UFT is an Automation Tool developed by HP Software, to automate software Testing.

For more details, you can visit the HP Website.

UFT Automation

Majorly UFT Test automation is used for Regression Testing by the software company.

But with new Features we can do the Business and Function Testing also.

UFT ALM Connection

ALM connection with UFT is very much essential when you are creating an Automation for very regress application and impact is high with your automation and also with a big test team.


  1. Safe code with Check Out option.
  2. Can be run from ALM, UFT expert is not required.
  3. Results will be stored on ALM so user can check any time.
  4. Can run multiple Test from different machine parallel.

UFT 12.5 options:

New option

Creating New Test.

  1. GUI Test
  2. API Test
  3. Business Process Test
  4. Business Process Flow

Open Option

Existing Test, Function or Solution

Creating New GUI Test.

  1. Record a test
  2. Create Functions and call functions in Test Action

Recording test

  1. Create new Test
  2. Click on Record Button

Open Application and Run the manual steps.

Ex: for calculator

  1. Stop the record and Analyze the Code and Object repository(Local).
  2. Modify the Object names and their properties.

Use more appropriate name for the objects and more common identification properties.

Open application and use Highlight button to check the object.

Change the object name and properties accordingly.

The identification in Scripts get updated so that programmer or Automation tester, will know the object is used for what purpose.

In this way we can update the script and get the good code.

Running test

Run options:

  1. Run – Run will run the test as standard mode.
  2. Maintenence Run Mode – in this mode user get the suggestion from UFT if there is any steps which is not working or objects are not identified, so that user can modify the steps or object at run time.
  3. Update Run Mode – If some object is changed and able to identified by QTP it automatically makes changes to script without asking user.